Thyrogen in Diagnostic Follow-up

 

Learn More About Thyrogen Dosing and Administration

 

The use of Thyrogen in stimulated Tg Testing and Whole-Body Scans

Stimulated Thyroglobulin (Tg) vs nonstimulated Tg testing

Among patients with metastatic disease confirmed by a post-treatment scan or by lymph node biopsy (35 patients), Thyrogen Tg was positive (≥2.5 ng/mL) in all 35 patients, while Tg on thyroid hormone suppressive therapy was positive (≥2.5 ng/mL) in 79% of these patients.

As with thyroid hormone withdrawal, the intrapatient reproducibility of Thyrogen testing with regard to both Tg stimulation and radioiodine imaging has not been studied.

Study Design

  • In a prospective, randomized, phase 3 clinical trial with a cross-over, nonblinded design, patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer were evaluated to compare Tg levels obtained after Thyrogen, to those at baseline and to those after thyroid hormone withdrawal.
  • Patients who were included in the Tg analysis were those who had undergone total or near-total thyroidectomy with or without 131I ablation, had < 1% uptake in the thyroid bed on a scan after thyroid hormone withdrawal, and did not have detectable anti-Tg antibodies.
  • The maximum Thyrogen Tg value was obtained 72 hours after the final Thyrogen injection, and this value was used in the analysis.

Reference

Thyrogen (thyrotropin alfa for injection) Prescribing Information. Genzyme Corporation.

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INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Thyrogen is a thyroid stimulating hormone indicated for:

Diagnostic: Use as an adjunctive diagnostic tool for serum thyroglobulin (Tg) testing with or without radioiodine imaging in the follow-up of patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer who have previously undergone thyroidectomy.

Limitations of Use:
Thyrogen-stimulated Tg levels are generally lower than, and do not correlate with Tg levels after thyroid hormone withdrawal. Even when Thyrogen-Tg testing is performed in combination with radioiodine imaging, there remains a risk of missing a diagnosis of thyroid cancer or underestimating the extent of the disease. Anti-Tg Antibodies may confound the Tg assay and render Tg levels uninterpretable.

Ablation
: Use as an adjunctive treatment for radioiodine ablation of thyroid tissue remnants in patients who have undergone a near-total or total thyroidectomy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer and who do not have evidence of distant metastatic thyroid cancer.

Limitations of Use:
The effect of Thyrogen on long term thyroid cancer outcomes has not been determined.

Thyrogen® (thyrotropin alfa for injection) 0.9 mg/mL after reconstitution

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

There have been reports of death in non-thyroidectomized patients and in patients with distant metastatic thyroid cancer in which events leading to death occurred within 24 hours after administration of Thyrogen.

Caution should be exercised in patients who have substantial thyroid tissue still in situ or functional thyroid cancer metastases, specifically in the elderly and those with a known history of heart disease.

Hospitalization for administration of Thyrogen and post-administration observation in patients at risk should be considered.

There are post marketing reports of stroke in young women with risk factors for stroke, and neurological findings suggestive of stroke (e.g., unilateral weakness) occurring within 72 hours of Thyrogen administration in patients without known central nervous system metastases.

Patients should be well-hydrated prior to treatment with Thyrogen.

Sudden, rapid and painful enlargement of residual thyroid tissue or distant metastases can occur following treatment with Thyrogen.

Pretreatment with glucocorticoids should be considered for patients in whom tumor expansion may compromise vital anatomic structures.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common adverse reactions reported in clinical trials were nausea and headache.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy Category C: Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Thyrogen. It is also not known whether Thyrogen can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. Thyrogen should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers: It is not known whether the drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Thyrogen is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use: Results from controlled trials do not indicate a difference in the safety and efficacy of Thyrogen between adult patients less than 65 years and those over 65 years of age.

Renal Impairment: Elimination of Thyrogen is significantly slower in dialysis-dependent end stage renal disease patients, resulting in prolonged elevation of TSH levels.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Thyrogen is a thyroid stimulating hormone indicated for:

Diagnostic: Use as an adjunctive diagnostic tool for serum thyroglobulin (Tg) testing with or without radioiodine imaging in the follow-up of patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer who have previously undergone thyroidectomy.

Limitations of Use:

  • Thyrogen -stimulated Tg levels are generally lower than, and do not correlate with Tg levels after thyroid hormone withdrawal.
  • Even when Thyrogen -Tg testing is performed in combination with radioiodine imaging, there remains a risk of missing a diagnosis of thyroid cancer or underestimating the extent of the disease.
  • Anti-Tg Antibodies may confound the Tg assay and render Tg levels uninterpretable.

Ablation: Use as an adjunctive treatment for radioiodine ablation of thyroid tissue remnants in patients who have undergone a near-total or total thyroidectomy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer and who do not have evidence of distant metastatic thyroid cancer.

Limitations of Use:

  • The effect of Thyrogen on long term thyroid cancer outcomes has not been determined.

See full Prescribing Information for more details.